Changes in Czech Family Law in Light of the Principles of European Family Law
Keywords:family law, the Czech Republic, Czech family law, principles, European family law
Czech family law has recently been re-codified as part of the new Civil Code. The intention of its main drafters was to build on the values and traditions of Christian-Jewish culture in the Czech Republic and to enrich Czech family law with a new dimension, especially in relation to international human rights conventions and developments in the field of human rights in general. Some sections have also been significantly influenced by the Principles of European Family Law (PEFL) developed by the Commission on European Family Law (CEFL) aiming at ‘better law’ and the harmonization of family law systems in Europe. It was stressed that the Principles of European Family Law regarding Divorce and Maintenance Between Former Spouses, the Principles of European Family Law regarding Parental Responsibilities and the Principles of European Family Law regarding Property Relations Between Spouses were published during the time of recodification of the new Civil Code and took into consideration. However, the Principles of European Family Law regarding the Property, Maintenance and Succession Rights and Duties of Couples in de facto Unions were published later. It is unclear whether the concept of unmarried cohabitation will be a challenge for Czech legislators. One can agree with the view that the new private law code should, in principle, cover all private law matters, including family law, as is customary in countries with comparable legal environments. And finally, the article was focused on the pending drafts, as developments in this area are not over, as further changes are on the way.