THE NATURAL LAW PRINCIPLES OF INTEGRATION AND ITS HUNGARIAN RESONANCE IN THE 19TH CENTURY
Keywords:natural law, jurisprudence, hungary, positive law
Although the origin of the Natural Law’s essence is to be found in the philosophical doctrines of the ancient ages, and it is also to be noticed within the framework of Christian theology having been prosperous in the Middle Ages. Its new type different from the philosophy and theology and focusing really on legal issues is shaping in the early modern period. From the 1600-ies onwards such politicalphilosophical questions were in the focus of interest as the origin and legitimacy of public authority, practical and appropriate ways of the exercising state power, the inter-relationship between the ruler and his subjects, which directed the centre of legal thinking towards the examination of public law issues. This trend was most markedly elaborated by the Dutch secular approach of Natural Law adopting the thoughts of French legal humanism and at the same time determined the tasks of natural law disquisition that aimed at establishing a comprehensive legal system and revealing universal principles of law which tend to prevail in a general way. The Natural-Law ideologists began to explore those principles, which basically regulate the coexistence of people.