Developement of Application Tailored Low-Cost Steam Generator for Gasification Process
Keywords:steam-generator, thermochemical processes, coal gasification, synthesis gas
The gasification process is considered as the centre of clean coal technology. Several types of gasifying reactants can be used in the gasification process. Amongst them, using steam is recommended for the high concentration of hydrogen in the synthesis gas. Commercially available steam generators are readily available to purchase in the market. However, their cost and accessibility are the main disadvantages for use in tailored research applications as laboratory scale gasification. In this paper, the development and setting up of a steam generator will be presented, with the mass flow ratecontrolled by a microcontroller. The total power of the steam generator is 1800 W, and the mass flow rate is adjustable between 1 and 20 g/min. The produced steam can be supplied by the steam generator at a high temperature of 300 °C continuosly during the experiment. The main advantage of this steam generator is the cost/value of the tailored setup that could also be easily connected to the main PLC controller of the gasifier.
IEA: Key World Energy Statistics 2021. Paris, 2021.
D. Singh, S. Yadav, N. Bharadwaj, and R. Verma: Low temperature steam gasification to produce hydrogen rich gas from kitchen food waste: Influence of steam flow rate and temperature. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 45, No. 41, pp. 20843–20850, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.05.168
A. Anniwaer et al.: Steam co-gasification of Japanese cedarwood and its commercial biochar for hydrogen-rich gas production. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 46, No. 70, pp. 34587–34598, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.08.032.
A. Smoliński, N. Howaniec, R. Gąsior, J. Polański, and M. Magdziarczyk: Hydrogenrich gas production through co-gasification of low rank coal, flotation concentrates and municipal refuse derived fuel. Energy, Vol. 235, p. 121348, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2021.121348
Maxi vapor. 2022. Available: https://www.bieffeitalia.eu/prodotto/maxi-vapor-bf004ce/
S. INC: Sawo steam generator. Available: https://www.sawo.com/steam-generators/
Electro-Steam: Steam generator. Available: https://www.electrosteam.com/
Cellkraft: Steam generators. Available: https://cellkraft.se/steam-generators/
Fotek solid state relay SSR-10DA. Available: https://www.hestore.hu/prod_10042948.html
PID controller-REXC100. Available: https://www.rkcinst.co.jp/english/products/4041/
Autodesk: Autodesk Fusion 360. Education License. 2020. Available: https://www.autodesk.com/products/fusion-360/overview
Tiertime: UP300-Tiertime 3D printer. https://www.tiertime.com/up300/
Philament.eu: Philament PETG. https://www.philament.eu/en/product/philament-petg/
LCD 1602. Available: https://www.hestore.hu/prod_10036401.html
A4988 driver. Available: https://www.pololu.com/file/0J450/a4988_DMOS_microstepping_driver_with_translator.pdf
W.-S. Motor: Stepper motor 42BYGH118-01B. Available: https://wobit.com.pl/en/produkt/1076/silniki-krokowe-2bygh/silnik-krokowy-42bygh118-01b/
Kamoer-pump: NKP mini peristaltic pump. Available: https://www.kamoer.com/nkp.html
EasyEDA: Available: https://easyeda.com/ editor
Arduino: Available: https://www. arduino.cc/en/software
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.