Output and Staff Number in Hungarian Manufacturing before, during and after the Crisis


  • Ádám Bereczk University of Miskolc


manufacturing, sector, staff number, output


The paper describes outcomes of recent research about connection between output and staff number related to specific sectors of manufacturing in Hungary. The method was to examine the existence of a linear relationship between the variables with cross correlation and regression modelling. The examined period includes the nadir of the crisis and the first years of recovery. In the textile and food industries co-movement of time series show a strong correlation between output and staff number. There is a strong positive correlation in the case of the automotive industry, but no linear relationship can be proved between the variables in the chemical industry.

Author Biography

Ádám Bereczk, University of Miskolc

Ph.D student


BASU, S. & ESTRIN, S. & SVEJNAR, J. (2000). Employment and wages in enterprises under communism and in transition: evidence from Central Europe and Russia. William Davidson Institute Working Paper 440. http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/39824/3/wp440.pdf

BROWN, D. & EARLE, J. (2005). Does privatization hurt workers? – Lessons in comprehensive manufacturing firm panel data in Hungary, Romania, Russia and Ukraine. BWP, 10, MTA KTI, Budapest.

DAVIS, S. J., HALTIWANGER, J. & SCHUCH, S. (1998). Job creation and destruction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

FALK, M. & KOEBEL, B. M. (2002). Outsourcing, imports and labour demand. The ScandiNTCAian Journal of Economics, Volume 104, No. 4.

KERTESI, G. & KÖLLŐ, J. (2002). Labour demand with heterogeneous labour inputs after the transition in Hungary, 1992–99–and the potential consequences of the increase of minimum wage in 2001 and 2002. BWP, 5., MTA KTI, Budapest.


KÖLLŐ, J. (1998). Employment and wage setting in three stages of Hungary’s labour market transition. In: Enterprise Restructuring and Unemployment in Models of Transition. EDI Development Studies, The World Bank–EDI, pp 57–108.

KŐRÖSI, G. (1997). Labour demand during transition in Hungary. William Davidson Institute Working Paper, Issue 116., pp 19


KŐRÖSI, G. (2000). Labour demand of corporations. BWP, 3., MTA KTI, Budapest, pp 68.

KŐRÖSI, G. (2002). Labour demand and efficiency in Hungary. BWPLM, Issue 3, Budapest.

MAHMOOD, M. (2008). Labour productivity and employment in Australian manufacturing SMEs. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 51-62.

MANN, S. (2011). Sectors matter! Exploring Mesoeconomics. Ettenhausen: Springer.

MEHTA, R. & MOHANTY, S. K. (1993). Demand for labour in manufacturing sector: a decomposition analysis for developing countries. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, Volume 29, No. 2.

NORDHAUS, W. (2005). The sources of the productivity rebound and the manufacturing employment puzzle. http://www.nber.org/papers/w11354

SINGER, M. (1996). Dynamic labor demand estimation, stability of coefficients. Case of Czech Republic. CERGE-EI https://iweb.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp99.pdf

YUN, L. (2008). Technical progress and labour demand in swedish manufacturing firms. Journal of industry, Competition and Trade from Theory to Policy, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 147-167.

ZIMMERMANN, K. F. (1991). The employment consequences of technological advance, demand and labor costs in 16 German industries. Empirical Economics, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 253-266.




How to Cite

Bereczk, Ádám. (2013). Output and Staff Number in Hungarian Manufacturing before, during and after the Crisis. Theory, Methodology, Practice – Review of Business and Management, 9(02), 15–21. Retrieved from https://ojs.uni-miskolc.hu/index.php/tmp/article/view/1508