The Effect of Large Companies on Spatial Structure in Central and Eastern Europe with a Particular Focus on Enterprises in the Technology, Media & Telecommunications Industry

Authors

  • Zoltán Nagy University of Miskolc
  • Géza Tóth University of Miskolc

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18096/TMP.2019.02.05

Keywords:

spatial structure, Central and Eastern Europe, grouping analysis, Technology, Media & Telecommunications industry

Abstract

Many theoretical and practical works aim at describing the spatial structure of Central and Eastern Europe. This article gives an overview of papers describing the spatial structure of Central and Eastern Europe with different methods. Our goal is to contribute to understanding the Central and Eastern European economic spatial structure and within this we examine the role of the Technology, Media & Telecommunications (TM&T) industry. This industry was chosen because it includes the most knowledge-intensive enterprises. We found that this industry plays a small role in the activities of the most important companies in the region. The capital's major economic centres are the capitals. Thus, both the Central European Pentagon and the New Banana spatial models are suitable for describing the spatial structure. The spatial picture of the TM&T industry is basically concentrated on relatively few large cities, and the region’s most important centre is Warsaw.

Author Biographies

Zoltán Nagy, University of Miskolc

Associate Professor

Géza Tóth, University of Miskolc

Associate Professor

References

BBSR (2011). Metropolitan areas in Europe. BBSR-Online-Publikation, Nr. 01/2011. Bonn: Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR), Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning, Germany..

BERNEK, Á. (2000). A globális világ „új gazdaságföldrajza”. Tér és Társadalom, 14(4), 87–107. https://doi.org/10.17649/TET.14.4.607

BEAVERSTOCK, J. V. & TAYLOR, P. J. & SMITH, R. G. (1999). A roster of world cities. Cities 16(6), 445–458. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-2751(99)00042-6

CSOMÓS, G (2011). A közép-európai régió nagyvárosainak gazdaságirányító szerepe. Tér és Társsadalom, 25(3), 129–140. https://doi.org/10.17649/TET.25.3.1872

CSOMÓS, G. (2012). GaWC Data Set 26: global command and control centres, 2006/2009/2012. http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/datasets/da26.html (accessed April 2019)

CSOMÓS, G. (2013). The command and control centers of the United States (2006/2012): An analysis of industry sectors influencing the position of cities. Geoforum, 50, 241–251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2013.09.015

CSOMÓS, G. (2015). The ranking of cities as centres of the Hungarian economy, 1992-2012. Regional Statistics 5(1), 66–85. https://doi.org/10.15196/RS05104

CSOMÓS, G. & DERUDDER, B. (2014). European cities as command and control centres, 2006-11. European Urban and Regional Studies, 21(3), 345–352. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776412453149

DICKEN, P. (2007). Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy. London: Sage Publications.

DOMMERGUES. P. (1992). The Strategies for International and Interregional Cooperation. Ekistics, 352-353, 7–12.

ENYEDI, G. (2003). Városi világ – városfejlődés a globalizáció korában. Pécs: Pécsi Tudományegyetem.

ENYEDI, G. (2012). A városi világ. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.

ESDP. (1999). European Spatial Development Perspective (Adopted by the European Council of EU Ministers Responsible for Spatial Planning, in Potsdam, 10-11/05/99). Brussels: European Commission.

ESPON. (2012). POLYCE Metropolisation and Polycentric Development in Central Europe. Luxembourg: EU ERDF, ESPON.

FALUDI, A. (2005). Polycentric territorial cohesion policy. In: Faludi A. (ed.) Territorial cohesion: An unidentified political objective (Special Issue). Town Planning Review 76 (1) pp. 107–118. https://doi.org/10.3828/tpr.76.1.1

GORZELAK, G. (2012). The Regional Dimension of Transformation in Central Europe. London: Routledge.

KUNZMANN, K. R. (1992). Zur Entwicklung der Stadtsysteme in Europa. Wien Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Gesellschaft, 134, 25–50.

KUNZMANN, K. R. (1996). Euro-megalopolis or Themepark Europe? Scenarios for European spatial development. International Planning Studies 1(2), 143–163. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563479608721649

KUNZMANN, K. R. (1998). World city regions in Europe: Structural change and future challenges. In: Lo, Fu-chen; Yeung, Yue-man (eds.): Globalization and the World of Large Cities (pp. 37–75). Tokyo, New York, Paris: United Nations University Press.

KUNZMANN, K.R. & WEGENER, M. (1991). The pattern of urbanization in Europe. Ekistics, 58(350-351), 282–91.

LEIBENATH, M. & HAHN, A. & KNIPPSCHILD, R. (2007). Der „Mitteleuropäische Kristall“ – zwischen „Blauer Banane“ und „osteuropäischem Pentagon“. Perspektiven der neuen zwischenstaatlichen deutsch-tschechischen Arbeitsgruppe für Raumentwicklung. Angewandte Geographie 31(1), 36–40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00548-007-0008-2.

LENGYEL, I. & RECHNITZER, J. (2000). A városok versenyképességéről. In: HORVÁTH, G., & RECHNITZER, J. (eds.) Magyarország területi szerkezete és folyamatai az ezredfordulón (pp. 130–152). Pécs: MTA RKK.

LUX, G. (2012). A gazdaság szerepe a városi térségek fejlesztésében: A globális kihívásoktól a fejlesztéspolitikáig. In: SOMLYÓDYNÉ PFEIL, E. (ed.), Az agglomerációk intézményesítésének sajátos kérdései: Három magyar nagyvárosi térség az átalakuló térben (pp. 69–94). Pécs: Publikon Kiadó, Pécs.

MEER, L., VAN DER (1998). Red octopus In BLAAS, W. (ed.), A new perspective for European spatial development policies op. cit., pp. 9–19. Avebury: Aldershot.

PÉNZES, J. & FEKETE, J. (2014): Transformation of the spatial structure in the Visegrad countries in the light of the location of peripherial areas In: Radics, Z.–Pénzes, J. (eds). Spatial-economic cohesion and competitiveness in the context of tourism (pp. 11–24). Debrecen: Didakt Kiadó.

RAŹNIAK, P., DOROCKI, S. & WINIARCZYK-RAŹNIAK, A. (2018). Eastern European cities as command and control centers in a time of economic crisis. Acta Geographica Slovenica, 58(2), 101–110. https://doi.org/10.3986/AGS.3124

SASSEN, S. (1991). The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

SIC! (2006). Sustrain implement corridor. Long factbook. http://195.230.172.167/cms_sic/upload/pdf/061010_ SIC_LongFactbook.pdf (downloaded: October 2012).

Downloads

Published

2019-12-15

How to Cite

Nagy, Z. ., & Tóth, G. . (2019). The Effect of Large Companies on Spatial Structure in Central and Eastern Europe with a Particular Focus on Enterprises in the Technology, Media & Telecommunications Industry. Theory, Methodology, Practice - Review of Business and Management, 15(02), 41–51. https://doi.org/10.18096/TMP.2019.02.05

Most read articles by the same author(s)